Monetary Research Center

Macroprudential and Monetary Policies: The Need to Dance the Tango in Harmony
Issued in Tuesday, March 26, 2019

The Great Recession during the late 2000s and early 2010s has led to a strength- ening of macroprudential policies over the world in order to address systemic risk concerns. However, the effectiveness of those measures remains unclear. The ex- isting literature fails to demonstrate clearly that macroprudential policies address effectively financial vulnerabilities. Moreover, the impact of these policies is often assessed regardless of the monetary policy stance, which is another main determi- nant of financial stability.   This empirical paper aims to fill this gap by at least   two  ways.   Based on a sample of 37 countries covering the period from 2000Q1   to 2014Q4, we first propose to re-evaluate the effectiveness of the macropruden- tial policies to limit excessive credit growth by considering different measures accounting for the macroprudential policy stance. Second,  we  also test whether  the impact of prudential policies is strengthened by the monetary policy stance, measured through the Taylor gap. Our results indicate that changes in macropru- dential policies effectively reduce the credit growth, but there is a transmission delay approximately of one year to be effective. Interestingly, this delay fell to one quarter when macroprudential and monetary policies move in the same direction simultaneously which is a new finding.

 
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